新人教版初二英语下册知识点全总结 期末考试看这一篇就够了!

作者:od体育官网下载发布时间:2021-07-07 00:15

本文摘要:Unit1 what' s the matter?1. It’s +形容词 + for sb. + to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是…的。It’s important to do sth. 做某事很重要。 It’s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食对我来说是很重要的.It’s easy to do sth. 做某事是容易的。

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Unit1 what' s the matter?1. It’s +形容词 + for sb. + to do sth. 做某事对某人来说是…的。It’s important to do sth. 做某事很重要。

It’s important for me to eat a balanced diet. 平衡饮食对我来说是很重要的.It’s easy to do sth. 做某事是容易的。It’s easy for us to find out the answer. 找出谜底对我们来说是容易的。

2. 情态动词should的用法should是情态动词,它的基本用法是必须和其他动词一起组成谓语。意为"应该......"。

should(应当,应该)用于所有人称,表现劝告或建议。eg. ---I have a very bad cold. 我伤风很厉害。

---You should lie down and have a rest. 你应该躺下,多喝水。3. maybe与may be(1)maybe是副词,译为“也许、可能”,相当于“perhaps”。如:Maybe he can answer the question. 也许他能回覆谁人问题。

He maybe is from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。(2)may be中的may为情态动词,译为“可能是......”。如:He may be from the USA, too. 他可能也来自美国。

She may be our English teacher. 她可能是我们的英语老师。4. few、a few、little、a little的区别和联系: (1)few / a few用来修饰可数名词,few表现否认意义,没有,险些没有;a few表现肯定意义, 有几个。例如:He has few friends here, he feels lonely. 他这里没朋侪,他感受寥寂。

There are a few eggs in the basket. 篮子里有几个鸡蛋。(2)little / a little用来修饰不行数名词,little表现否认意义,没有,险些没有; a little 表现肯定意义,有一点儿。例如:There is little ink in my bottle. Can you give me a little ink? 我的瓶子里没有墨水了,你能给我点儿墨水吗?5. not…until 直到…(否认句) 才......,动词为短暂性或瞬间性动词。

She didn’t leave until we came.He went shopping after he got up. =He didn’t go shopping until /before he got up. ...until/till 直到......(肯定句)动词为延续性动词We stayed here till/until 12 o’clock.Unit2 I'll help clean the city parks.1. 短语动词小结常见动词短语结构有下面几种:(1)动词+副词 如:give up 放弃;turn off 关掉;stay up 熬夜这种结构有时相当于及物动词,如果其宾语是代词,就必须放在动词和副词之间,如果是名词,则既可插在动词和副词之间,也可放在短语动词后。(2)动词+介词 如:listen of 听;look at 看;belong to 属于这种结构相当于及物动词,后面跟宾语。

(3)动词+副词+介词 如:come up with 提出,想出; run out of 用完,耗尽(4)动词+名词+介词 如:take part in到场;catch hold of 抓住2. each 每个,各自的,强调事物的个体情况,常与of 连用every 每个,每一个的,一切的,有“全体”的意思不能与of 连用3. help sb. (to) do 资助某人做某事 help him (to) studyhelp sb. with sth. 资助某人做某事 help him with Englishhelp do 资助做某事 help study4. spend...doing... 花费…做…I spent a day visiting Beijing. 我花了一天的时间去观光北京。spend… on sth. 花费…在… I spent 3 years on English.5. join 到场 (指到场团体、组织) 如:join the Party 入党take part in 到场 (指到场运动) 如:take part in sports meeting 到场运动会6. run out 与 run out of(1)run out (become used up). 其主语往往为物。如时间,食物,款项,油等,自己就含有被动意义。His money soon ran out. 他的钱很快就花光了。

Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。(2)run out of 主语为人,表现主动寄义。He is always running out of money before pay day. 他总是在发人为的日子还没有到就把钱花完了。

两者在一定条件下可以交换如:The petrol is running out. 汽油快用完了= We are running out of petrol.Our time is running out. 我们剩下的时间不多了。= We are running out of time.7. work out (1)了局,效果为 The strategies that he came up with worked out fine. 他提出的这个计谋效果很好。(2)算出,制订出,消耗完(精神等) He never seems to be worked out. 他似乎永远不会疲乏似的。

He worked out a plan. 他制订了一个计划。I have worked out our total expenses. 我已经算出了我们总的用度。8. hang out 闲荡 闲逛 I like to hang out at mall with my friends. 我喜欢和我的朋侪一起去购物中心闲荡。

9. be able to do 能,会 be unable to do 不能,不会10. for sure 确实如此,毫无疑问You don’t have money. That’s for sure. 你没有钱,这是毫无疑问的。11. fill… with… 使…充满… 用…填充…She filled the bowl with water. 她用水填满碗。12. hand out 分发 hand out bananasgive out 分发 give out sth to sb. 分….给某人give up doing 放弃… give up smoking 放弃吸烟give away 赠送 捐赠 give away money to kidsgive sb. sth. 给某人某工具 give me money 给我钱give sth. to sb. 给某人某工具 give money to me 给我线13. help sb. out 资助…做事,解决难题(挣脱逆境)I can’t work out this math problem. Please help me out. 我不能算出这道数学问题,请你帮我解决。

14. train n. 火车 v. 训练train sb. to do. 训练某人做某事She trains her dog to fetch things. 她训练她的狗去取工具。15. at once == right away 连忙 马上 如:Do it at once. 马上去做。I’ll go there at once/ right away. 我马上去那里。

16. one day 有一天 (指未来/已往) some day 有一天(指未来) 如:One day I went to Beijing. 有一天我去了北京。Some day I’ll go to Beijing. 有一天我将去北京。

Unit3 Could you please clean your room?1. 关于 to 的短语总结have to do sth. 不得不/必须做某事need to do sth. 需要做某事 hate to do sth. 讨厌做某事like to do sth. 喜欢做某事 want to do sth. 想做某事love to do sth. 热爱做某事 forget to do sth. 忘记做某事start to do sth. 开始做某事 begin to do sth. 开始做某事ask sb to do sth. 请某人做某事2. ---Could you please clean your room?---Yes, sure. / Sorry, I can't. I have to do my homework first.---Could I please use the car?---Sure. / Certainly. / Of course. / No, you can't. I have to go out.在表现请求资助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用 could 取代 can,以表现礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而 can 则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把 could 看作 can 的已往式。以上两句中用 could 是为了表现礼貌的请求。

表现请求资助或请求允许时,除了 can, could 之外,还可以用 may,句子的表达方式也各有差别,可以用差别的方式来表现同一个观点。例:Could / Can / May I use your car for a day?作允答可以种种各样:如同意可以说 Yes,或 Sure 或 Certainly,还可说 Yes, (do) please.或 Of course. (you may / can). 或 That's OK / all right.如果差别意,可以说 I'm sorry you can't. 或 I'm really sorry, but I have to use it today. 要制止说 No, you can't. 这样显得很不礼貌。否认回覆通常用委婉语气。

Unit4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?1. get ( 1 ) 买get sth. for sb. = get sb. sth. 为某人买某物Can you get some fruit for me when you go shopping ?= Can you get me some fruit when you go shopping ?( 2 ) 获得,到达Where did you get the book?When did you get the letter?He got home late last night.(3)使,让,get + 宾语 + 宾补 使某人/某物怎么样Please get you coat clean. Get your mouth closed.get sb. to do sth. 使某人做某事I got him to call Jim yesterday.(4)( 逐渐) 变得…...The weather gets warmer and days get longer .Why did the teacher get angry ?2. how about/ what about 后跟名词/代词/动词ing形式。(1)向对方提出建议或请求 How about going out for a walk?How about something to eat?(2)向对方征求意见或看法 How about the TV play ? How about buying the house now ?( 3 ) 询问天气或身体情况 How about the weather in Hainan Island ? How about your parents? Are they living with you ?( 4 ) 谈话中承接上下文 I’m forty years old. How about you? I’m from Beijing. How about you?3. receive 收到 The girl was happy to receive many gifts on her birthday . receive a letter from = get a letter from = heard from收到某人的信I received a letter from my parents last Sunday .= I got a letter from my parents last Sunday .= I heard from my parents last Sunday .accept 接受 He couldn’t accept our suggestions but our gifts.She was very glad to receive the invitation.I received an invitation to the party , but I refused to accept it . 4. a 6-year-old child 一个六岁的孩子6-year-old 是由“数词 +名词 + 形容词 ” 组成的复合形容词,作前置定语,修饰后面的名词child。“数词+名词+形容词”组成的复合形容词,中间的名词要用单数形式:a five-year-old girl 一个五岁的女孩 a two-meter-long ruler 一把两米长的尺子a ten-story-high building 一栋十层高的楼房 a two-inch-thick dictionary 一本两英寸厚的词典5. too...to… 太……而不能 ……too 后跟形容词或副词原形, to 后跟动词原形, 组成不定式,句子的主语与动词不定的主语纷歧时, 可以在动词不定式前加逻辑主语for sb。

He is too young to join the army ( 军队) . 他年龄太小,不能去参军。The math problem is too difficult for me to work out . 这道数学题对我来说太难了,做不出。

too...to…可以与enough to和so…that…转换.She is too young to do the work .= She isn’t old enough to do the work .Tom is too tired to walk any farther .= Tom is so tired that he can’t walk any farther .6. pay , spend , cost , take 的区别(1)pay 花费 ( 几多钱 ) , 主语是人。sb. pay some money for sth.I paid 5000 yuan for the computer last week . 我上个星期花了5000买电脑。

(2)spend 花费 ( 几多钱或时间 ),主语是人。sb. spend some money on sth.sb. spend some time ( in ) doing sth.I spent 5000 yuan on the computer last week . She spent 2 hours ( in ) doing her homework . 她花了2个小时做作业。(3)cost 花费 ( 几多钱 ) , 主语是物。sth. cost sb. some money.This jacket cost him 200 dollars. 这件夹克衫花费她200美元。

(4)take 花费 (时间 ),主语形式主语为It. It takes sb. some time to do sth.花费某人几多时间做某事How long does it take sb. to do sth? 花费某人几多时间做某事?It took Liu Hong 2 hours to do her homework. 刘红花了2个小时做作业。7. sleep , sleeping, sleepy , asleep , fall asleep , be asleep(1)sleep 动词, 睡觉, 强调行动。I am very tired. I want to sleep. 我很累,想睡觉。

(2)sleeping, sleep 的现在分词, 表现“ 正在睡觉”。Don’t make so much noise. The baby is sleeping. 不要这么吵,宝宝在睡觉。(3)sleepy 想睡觉的, 困倦的。

I am a little sleepy. I’d like to go to bed. 我有点困了,我想去床上睡觉了。(4)asleep 睡着了的。The teacher found Tom asleep in class and kept him behind after school. 老师发现汤姆上课睡觉,放学后就把他留了下来。

(5)fall asleep 强调从没有睡着到睡着的历程, 不能接一段时间。I couldn’t fall asleep until it was very late last night . 我昨天晚上到很晚才睡着。(6)be asleep 表现睡着后的状态 , “ 睡着了”, 可以接一段时间。

He was asleep for three hours. 他睡了3个小时。8. open ( 1 ) 动词, 打开 , 开业, 开张, 展现Would you mind opening the window ? 你介意我把窗户打开吗?( 2 ) 形容词, be open 开着的, 开放的On weekends the swimming pool is open to the public. 在周末,这个游泳池是对民众开放的。9. close 动词, 关闭, 关上 , 合上closed 形容词, be closed 关着的, 关闭的10. encourage 动词, 勉励, 激励 encourage sb. to do sth. 勉励某人做某事Parents should encourage children to do things by themselves.家长们应该要勉励孩子们自己动手做事情。11. progress 名词, “ 进步, 希望” make progress “取得进步, 取得希望”Tom is now making great progress at school. 汤姆现在在学校的进步很大。

12. take an interest in ( doing ) sth. 对 ( 做 )某事感兴趣否认表达是 take no interest in ( doing ) sth. 对 ( 做 )某事不感兴趣Do you take an interest in English ? 你对英语感兴趣吗?Most children take an interest in playing computer games. 大多数孩子对电脑游戏很感兴趣。13. make friends with sb. 和某人交朋侪Would you like to make friends with us? 你想和我们交朋侪吗?Unit5 What were you doing when the rainstorm came?1. arrive at 到达(小地方) arrive in到达(大地方)reach 到达 get to 到达 I arrived in Beijing last night. = I reached Beijing last night .= I got to Beijing last night .如果宾语是副词here, there, home, 要把at/in/to省略。arrive here/there/homeget here/there/home2. in front of… 在 … 的前面 (某一规模外的前面)in the front of … 在 … 的前面(某一规模内的前面)There are some big trees in front of the classroom building. 在课堂的前面有一些大树。

I like sitting in the front of the taxi. 我喜欢坐在出租车的前排位置。3. take off (1)起飞 When did the plane take off yesterday? 飞机什么时候起飞?(2)脱下(衣帽等) He took off his coat as soon as he went into the room. 他一进房间就脱掉了外套。

(3)取消They will take off the 5 am train . 他们取消了早上5点的火车。4. get out (of ) … 从……脱离/出去/下来A car stopped and a girl got out of it.但从汽车/火车/船/飞机/马匹上下来, 用get off…5. follow(1)追随 I followed him up he hill. 我随着他上了山.(2)沿着……前进 Follow this road until you get to the post office. 顺着这条路一直到邮局.(3)听懂,明白 Could you speak more slowly? I can’t follow you. 你能说慢点吗?我听不懂。

(4)follow sb. to do sth. 随着某人做某事Please follow me to read the story. 请跟我读这个故事。6. shout at 高声喊叫,多指因生气而非善意的高声叫唤Don’t shout at the little boy. He is too young. 不要对他大叫,他还太小。

shout to 高声喊叫,多指因距离远而不得不高声叫唤We should shout to him , or he can’t hear us. 我们应该朝他叫唤,否则他听不到我们的声音。7. happen 发生,详细事件偶然的没有预见的发生 (1)happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事I happened to meet one of my old friends in the park yesterday .昨天我在公园碰巧遇见我的一个老朋侪。

(2)sth happens to sb. 某人发生了某事An car accident happened to him last month. 上个月他发生了交通事故.take place 发生 (1)按计划举行或按计划发生Great changes have taken place in China in recent years. 最近几年中国发生了庞大的变化.(2)(运动/ 运动/集会等) 举行The meeting will take place next Friday. 运动会将于下星期五举行。take the place of 取代, 取代Plastics can sometimes take the place of wood and metal . 塑料有时能取代木料和金属.take one’s place 坐某人的位置, 取代某人的职务Come to take my place. my seat is near the window . 来做我的位置,我的座位靠近窗户。8. anywhere 任何地方,常用于否认句或疑问句中.Did you go anywhere last night? 你昨天还去了此外地方了吗? somewhere 某个地方,用于肯定句。

come and see me. Then we’ll go out somewhere. 来我家找我,然后我们出去走走。everywhere 到处, 随处 = here and thereI can’t find my pen though I looked for it everywhere. 只管我随处都找过了,还是找不到我的钢笔。11. silence 名词, 寂静/无声 There’s nothing but silence in the room. 屋内寂静无声。Keep in silence. 保持缄默沉静.silent 形容词, 缄默沉静的, 寂静的The old house was quite silent. 这所老屋子寂静无声。

The cat moved on silent feet. 那只猫无声地走动着。12. hear 听到 Can you hear someone knocking at the door? 你听到有人敲门了吗?(1)hear of 听说 , 后接表现人或物的词I have never heard of him before. 我以前从来没有听说过他。( 2 ) hear about 听说, 后接表现事件的名词I’ve just heard about his illness. 我刚刚听说他生病的事。

Have you heard about the accident ? 你听说了那场事故吗?(3)hear from 收到某人的来信I heard from my daughter in New York yesterday. 我昨天收到在纽约的女儿的来信。13. 主语 + be + one of the + 形容词最高级 + 复数名词 + in / of 短语。…… 是……中最……的……之一.This was one of the most important events in modern American history. 这是美国历史上最重要的事件之一。Xiamen is one of the most beautiful cities in China. 厦门是中国最漂亮的都会之一。

13. experience(1)名词履历, 不行数名词 ; 履历, 体验, 可数名词Have you had any experience of fishing? 你有钓鱼的履历吗?Could you tell us about your experiences in Africa? 你能给我们谈谈你在非洲的履历吗?(2)动词 履历, 感受The children experienced many difficulties this time. 这次孩子们履历了许多难题.experienced 形容词 有履历的be experienced in/at doing sth. = have much experience in/at doing sth. 做某事很有履历.She is an experienced teacher. 他是一个履历富厚的教师。He is very experienced in/at repairing cars. 他修车很有履历。14. as … as … 和…… 一样… 两个as之间用形容词或副词的原形。

He works as carefully as she. 他和她一样事情认真。She is as tall as her mother. 她和母亲一样高。not as… as… 不如某人/某物…He isn’t as / so old as he looks . 他不像看起来那么老。

She doesn’t run as / so fast as her brother. 她不如她哥哥跑得那么快。15. have fun = have a good/great/wonderful time = enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快Did you have fun at the party? 昨天在派对上玩的开心吗?= Did you have a good/great/wonderful time ? = Did you enjoy yourself ?have fun doing sth. 开心做某事 I’m just having fun playing the guitar . 我正开心的弹吉他呢。16. accident 事故, 意外遭遇 He was killed in an accident. 他死于一起意外事故.traffic accident 交通事故 Many people die in traffic accidents every year. 每年有许多人死于交通事故。by accident 偶然, 意外地 We met at the airport by accident . 我们偶然在机场遇见。

18. think about 思量 (某个计划 ) They are thinking about moving to Beijing. 他们思量搬去北京。think of 认为 What do you think of the movie?= how do you like the movie? 你认为这部影戏怎么样?think over 仔细思考 We need a few days to think over this matter. 我们需要几天时间来思量这个事情。

19. 叹息句what 引导的叹息句(1)What a beautiful girl (she is )! 何等美的女人呀 !(2)What a clever boy ( he is )! 何等智慧的男孩呀 !(3)What interesting pictures ( they are )! 何等美的图片呀 !(4)What tall buildings ( they are )! 何等高的楼呀 !(5)What delicious food ( it is ) ! 何等适口的食物呀 !(6)What bad weather ( it is ) ! 何等坏的天气呀 !纪律:what + ( a/an ) + 形容词 + 名词 ( + 主语 + 谓语) + !名词为不行数名词或复数名词时, 形容词前面不能有a/an。how 引导的叹息句(7)How heavy the box is! 何等重的箱子呀!How fast he runs! 他跑得多快呀!(8)How careful the girl is! 何等细心的女人呀!How well she plays the piano! 她的钢琴弹得多好呀!20. 已往举行时已往举行时的用法(1)已往某一时刻正在举行的行动。

What were you doing at 8:30 this morning? 今天早上8点半你正在做什么?When I called him, he was having dinner. 当我打电话给他时,他正在用饭。(2)已往某段时间正在举行的行动。What were you doing from seven to nine yesterday? 你昨天7点到9点在做什么?I was reading the whole morning yesterday. 我昨天一整个早上都在看书。已往举行时的组成(1)肯定句:主语 + was / were +动词ing形式 + 时间状语。

(2)否认句:主语 + was / were + not + 动词ing形式 + 时间状语。(3)疑问句:was / were + 主语 + 动词ing形式 + 时间状语 ? 肯定回覆:Yes , 主语 + was / were . 否认回覆:No, 主语 + was / were + not .Unit6 An old man tried to move the mountains.1. What do you think about/of...? So what do you think about the story of Yu Gong?=How do you like the story of Yu Gong? 你以为愚公的故事如何?2. It doesn’t seem adj. to do sth...It doesn’t seem very possible to move a mountain. 把一座山给移掉似乎不太可能。3. This is because... This is because he can make 72 changes to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. 这是因为他会凭据他的形状和巨细,做出72种变化,可以将自己酿成差别的动物或工具。

4. … so… that+从句 Sometimes he can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear. 有时候他使金箍棒变得如此小以至于他可以把它放在耳朵里。5. It takes sb. some time to do sth...Because they were so big that it took a long time to walk to the other side. 因为它们如此之大以至于走到另一边花费了很长时间。

6. ...not...until十从句 直到......才......Don’t eat it until you get to the forest. 你们到达森林之后才气吃。7. shoot v.射,射击,已往式shot Hou Yi shoots the sun. 后羿射日。shoot at sth. 瞄准/朝......射击 8. as soon as…“一…...就...…,刚...…就...…” I will tell him the news as soon as he comes back. 他一回来我就把消息告诉他。

He took out his English book as soon as he sat down. 他一坐下就把英语书拿出来了。9. A god was so moved by Yu Gong that he send two gods to take the mountains away. (1) move v. 感动;使感动 be moved (by sth./sb.) (被某人/事)感动 I was moves by your kindness. 我被你的善良感动了。

(2)take (…) away(把......)带走,拿走 Someone took my iPhone away while I was waiting in the station. 当我在车站等车的时候,有人拿走了我的iphone。take out 带出去,拿出去 take turns (to do…) 轮流做某事 10. remind v.“提醒,使想起”,及物动词 (1) remind sb. of sth. 让我们想起某事The old photo reminds me of my childhood. 这张老照片让我想起了我的童年。(2) remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事:My parents often remind me to study hard. 我的怙恃总是提醒我要努力学习。

11. I think it’s a little bit silly. 我认为那有点儿傻。a little bit 意为“有点儿”,后加形容词,相当于a little,a bitThis is a little bit difficult for me. 这对我来说有点难。12. turn...into... “把......酿成......” Please turn this into English. 请把这个译成英语。Joan is turning into a skilled musician. 琼正在酿成一个武艺精湛的音乐家。

13. at other times “平时,有时,在其他时候” At other times he doesn’t have to get up at all. 平时他基础不必起来。Sometimes we went to the beach and at other times we went to climb the mountains. 我们有时候去海滩,有时去爬山。14. come out (1) 出书 That magazine comes out every Monday. 那本杂志每周一出书。

(2) 出来,泛起,着花 The stars come out as soon as it was dark. 天一黑星星就出来了。(2) 传出,真相明白The truth has come out at last. 最后真相明白了。15. become interested in,对…...感兴趣 = be interested in,后接名词,代词,动名词 I became interested in piano. 我对钢琴感兴趣。16. whole adj. 全部的,整体的whole后通常跟可数名词,前加the/this/ my等形容词性物主代词修饰The old man told us the whole story. 老人给我们讲了整个故事。

all也指”所有的”,修饰可数或不行数名词,放在the/ this/ my等词前。17. be made of… 由......制成,看得出原质料;be made from… 由......制成,看不出原质料。

Unit7 What’s the highest mountain in the world?1. It is adj. + (for sb. ) to do sth. It is very hard to take in air as you get near the top. 当你靠近山顶时,连呼吸都市难题。2. ... is because ... One of the main reasons is because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties. 其中的一个主要的原因是人们想要在面临难题时挑战自己。

3. ...show(s) (sb) that... The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams. 这些爬山者的精神向我们证明:我们永远都不应 该放弃实现自己的梦想。4. 表达事物的长,宽,高,深……? sth. /sb. +be+数量+单元+形容词long, wide, tall, deep。

The river is 2 meters deep. Qomolangma is 8,844.43 meters high. long---length (n. 长度) wide---width (n. 宽度) deep---depth(n. 深度) high----height(n.高度) the length/depth/ width/height/size of sth. … 的长度,深度,宽度,高度,面积 5. 问事物的高,深,宽,长…? How high/deep/tall/wide/long/is...? How high is Qomolangma? 珠穆朗玛峰有多高?6. The first Chinese team did so in1960, while the first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei. 1) while, 此处是“而,然而,”轻微对比。不是“当…时候”, 用在句中,前面有逗号。2) succeed. v. 乐成 succeed in doing sth. He succeeded in finishing the work. 他乐成的完成了事情。success n.“乐成”不行数Confidence is the key to success. 自信是乐成的关键。

success n. “乐成的人,物”,可数 He is a great success. 他是一个很乐成的人。successful adj. 乐成的, successfully adj. 乐成地7. Adult pandas spend more than12 hours a day eating 10 kilos of bamboo. bamboo 做“竹子做的食物”或“竹子制品”不行数,bamboo chair;但做植物讲时可数。1) sb. spend + time/money + on sth./in doing sth. 2) sb. pay +money +for sth. 某人为某物支付几多钱 3) It takes sb + time+ to do sth. 花费某人多长时间做某事 4) sth + cost +money 某物值几多钱。

8. Canada is a lot less crowded than China. 加拿大不及中国拥挤许多。less+adj+than 不及......Joseph is less honest than his brother. 约瑟夫不像他兄弟那样老实。less than (中间不加任何词)“少于” There are less than 30 girls in my class. 我们班不足30个女生。

more than (中间不加任何词)“凌驾,多于,相当于over”There are more than 30 girls in my class. 我们班有凌驾30个女生。Unit8 Have you read Treasure Island?1. Have you read Little Woman yet? 你读过《小妇人》这本书吗? 现在完成时的基本句型: 肯定式:主语 + 助动词have/has + 动词的已往分词。疑问式:助动词Have/Has + 主语 + 动词的已往分词? 否认式: 主语 + 助动词have/has + not + 动词的已往分词。

现在完成时的主要用法1)表现已往发生的某一行动对现在造成的影响或效果。常和副词already, yet, never, ever ,before ,just等连用。. I have finished my homework. I am free. (我已经完成了家庭作业,对现在造成的效果是很有空) 2)表现已往已经开始, 连续到现在的行动或状态。

常与since + 已往的时间点, for + 一段时间,so far 等时间状语连用。I have learnt English for more than ten years. 我已经学了10多年的英语。

(从10年前开始,连续到现在还在学) She has swum since half an hour before. 我已经游泳了半个小时。(半个小时前已经开始游泳,到现在还在游)already/yet的区别: already 往往用于肯定句,用在疑问句时表现强调或增强语气;yet 用于否认句和疑问句。

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He has already left here. 他已经脱离这里了。My parents haven’t had breakfast yet. 我的怙恃还没吃早餐。

2. What’s it like? 它怎么样? 某物怎么样? What’s +物+like? How+be + 物? 某人怎么样?What’s +人+like? 用来提问人的性格 What do / does +人 + look like?用来提问人的外表3. Oliver Twist is about a boy who went out to sea and found an Island full of treasures. 《雾都孤儿》讲的是一个小男孩出海并发现了一个满是珠宝的小岛的故事。full of 充满 be full of = be filled with 充满 The cup is full of water =The cup is filled with water. be full for 对…很忙 This week is full for me. 4. It’s about four sisters growing up. 它讲述的是四个姐妹的发展故事。

grow up 长大;发展 I grew up in Beijing. 我在北京长大。grow into 长大成为 Mary grew into a beautiful girl. 玛丽长成了一个漂亮的女孩。5. You should hurry up. 你得快点。

hurry up 赶忙;急遽(做某事)(用在口语中,用来敦促别人快走) in a hurry=in one’s hurry 慌忙地 hurry to do sth 慌忙去做 hurry sb. 敦促某人6. One of them died but the other ran towards my house. 他们中的一小我私家死了,另一个朝我的屋子这边跑过来了。the other 另一个 , one …the other一个….另一个(仅用两者间) other 泛指其他的人、物 作形容词或代词,其后接名词的复数形式 others 泛指另外几个,其余的 是other的复数形式,在句中作主语、宾语 the others 其他工具;其余的人们,特指某一规模的“其他的人或物”another 其他的;再一个;另一个,只能用于三个或更多的人或物 7. think of / think about / think over辨析 (1)think of, 牢固短语,表现“提到(某人、某物、某事或某主意等),思量,思考,对......有某种看法”,后接名词,代词、动词-ing形式。

--- What do you think of your Chinese teacher? --- I like her very much. (2)think of 表现“思考,思量,对......有某种看法”时,可以与think about 交换。What do you think of the movie? = What do you think about the movie? (3)think of 表现“想出,想着,想起”时,不行用think about 取代。I always think of my childhood. 我总是想起我的童年。(4)think over意为“仔细思量,认真思量”,强调思考的水平比think of/about深,相当于think about...carefully。

其中over是副词,宾语若是名词,则可位于over之前或之后;当宾语是代词时,则必须放在over之前。Think it over before you do it. 三思尔后行。

Unit9 Have you ever been to an amusement park?1. —Have you ever been to…? ---你曾经去过游乐园吗? —Yes,I have. / No,I haven’t. ---是的,去过。/不,没去过。I/He/She have / has never been to… 我/他/她从没去过……I/He/She have / has been to… many times. 我/他/她去过...…许多次。I’d like to go there again. 我还想再去一次。

2. — Have you ever been to an amusement park? ---你曾经去过游乐园吗?— Yes,I have. / No,I haven’t. ---是的,去过。/不,没去过。点拨1 have been to+所在 去过某地 I have been to Beijing. 我去过北京。

辨析:have been to+sp.与 have gone to +sp. ①have been to +sp., 表现去过某处,现在已经回来了,不在那里了。We have been to Qingdao. 我们去过青岛。(现在不在青岛) ②have gone to +sp., 表现到某处去了,现在还没有回来。They have gone to Sydney. 他们去悉尼了。

(现在在悉尼或在途中) ③have been in +sp., 表现在某处呆过多长时间。How long have you been in China? 你在中国住了多长时间?3. neither, nor用法相同,都用于否认的倒装,意为“也不”。

so用于肯定的倒装。意为“也”。①否认句+neither/nor+be(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表现“也不”。

If you won’t go, neither will I. 如果你不去,我也不去。He isn’t a teacher, neither am I. 他不是老师,我也不是。

②肯定句+so+be(have, 助动词或情态动词)+另一主语,表现“也”。She likes apples, so does her brother. 她喜欢苹果,她弟弟也喜欢。He is from the USA, so is his wife. 他是美国人,他妻子也是。

4. 辨析:hear,hear of与hear from (1)hear为及物动词,意为“听见,听到”,后可跟复合宾语hear sb do sth表现“听见某人做了某事”或hear sb doing sth表现“听见某人正做某事”。We listened but could hear nothing. 我们留心听,却什么也没有听见。

I heard her singing in her room. 我听见她正在房间里唱歌。(2)hear还可作“听说”讲,后常跟that引导的宾语从句。I heard that he was ill. 我听说他病了。

I heard that it’s a good film. 我听说那是部好影片。(3)hear of意为“听说”,后跟人或物作宾语。I’ve never heard of that place. 我从未听说过谁人地方。

Have you ever heard of that story? 你听说过谁人故事吗? (4)hear from意为“收到某人的来信”,后跟人作宾语。How often do you hear from your sister? 你多长时间收到你姐姐的一次信? I heard from him last week. 我上周收到他的信。5. find,find out与look for都含有“寻找,找到”的意思,但其寄义和用法却差别。

(1)find意为“找到,发现”,通常指找到或发现详细的工具,也可指偶然发现某物或某种情况,强调的是找的效果。Will you find me a pen? 你替我找支钢笔好吗? He didn’t find his bike. 他没找到他的自行车。

(2)look for意为“寻找”,是有目的地找,强调“寻找”这一行动。I don’t find my pen;I’m looking for it everywhere. 我没有找到我的钢笔,我正随处找。

(3)find out意为“找出,发现,查明”,多指通过观察、询问、探询、研究之后“搞清楚,弄明确”,通常含有“经由难题曲折”的寄义,指找出较难找到的、无形的、抽象的工具。Please find out when the train leaves. 请查一下火车什么时候离站。

Read this passage,and find out the answer to this question. 读这篇漫笔,找出这个问题的谜底。Unit10 I’ve had this bike for three years.1. Some… Others...Some people still live in their hometown. However, others may only see it once or twice a year.有些人仍然住在家乡。然而,另一些人可能一年只能回家乡一两次。2. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest,I have not played for a while now.至于我,我不想放弃我的足球衣。

可是,说实在的,我现在巳经有一段时间没有踢(足球)了。3. Have you ever thought about having a yard sale to sell your things? 你是否曾经想过要举行一个庭院拍卖会来出售工具?4. What would you do with the money you raise? 你会怎么处置惩罚你所筹集到的钱?5. 与现在完成时连用的时间状语already (肯定句);yet (否认或疑问);just;before;never;ever;recently最近;so far 到现在为止;表现次数的词,如:once, twice, three times;for+时间段= since+时间段+ago;since+已往时间点;since+已往时的句子;how long;these days等 附:常见的非延续动词转换为延续性动词表。1. 转换为相应的延续性动词。

borrow — keep buy — have put on — wear catch/get a cold — have a cold get to know — know get to sleep — sleep2. 转化为“be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词” close — be closed open — be open die — be dead become — befall sleep — be asleep wake up — be awake make friends — be friends fall/get ill — be ill lose — be lost/missing marry — be married leave (+所在) — be away (from +所在) come back/go back/return — be back begin / start — be on go out — be out finish — be over get up — be up go to bed — be in bed join — be in/be a member of get to/arrive in(at)/reach — be (in/at) come to/go to/move to — be (in/at)。


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